The evaluation and treatment of dental obstruction is a critical feature of dentistry because it affects your speaking and eating abilities. Occlusal disorders occur when the oral structures do not work in harmony. Also known as temporomandibular joints (TMJ) disorders, they may cause joint and muscle pain, gum recession, constant headaches, and cracked sore or worn teeth.
]At Trailhead Dental in Wheat Ridge, Colorado, we provide excellent treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, helping to ensure a correct bite for our patients.
What Is a TMJ Disorder?
TMJ disorders affect the temporomandibular joint, a hinge that connects your jawbone to your skull. We all have a temporomandibular joint on the sides of the face to facilitate movement to speak and chew. The first symptom of a TMJ disorder is pain in the jaw. Other symptoms of TMJ include
- Ear & facial pain
- Difficulty in chewing and biting
- Locking of the joint
- Clicking noise when you open your mouth
- Restricted jaw movement
What Are the Causes of TMJ Disorders?
There are various causes for TMJ disorders. They include genetic, hormonal, and environmental characteristics. The TMJ is a complex joint that stimulates a hinge action with sliding movements, and hence many moving pieces and workings exist. Bones that connect with the TMJ are covered by cartilage and separated by a disk to smooth the motion.
However, you may develop TMJ disorders if the disk moves out of alignment or declines, impairing the joint and cartilage. Though the exact causes of TMJ dysfunction are not always clear, it can happen due to arthritis, autoimmune diseases, infections, teeth grinding during sleep, physical trauma, and more.
When Should You Avail Treatment for TMJ?
Many home therapies can reduce the pain and discomfort of TMJ disorders. They include minimal jaw movement, eating soft foods, avoiding chewing gum, and resisting the compulsion to clench your jaw. These lifestyle adjustments can often relieve mild-to-moderate symptoms. However, if you have persistent pain in your jaw or face difficulty opening or closing your mouth, avail of professional help.
How Can TMJ Be Treated?
We offer several treatment options to address TMJ disorders of varying intensities. We recommend a selection of physical therapy and exercise routines for patients with mild symptoms to help realign the joint and decrease pain. TMJ exercises strengthen jaw muscles, stretch the TMJ, and help support surrounding structures. In addition to these measures, we can provide you with a protective mouthguard. This oral appliance will safeguard your oral structures. Other possible TMJ treatments include pain medication, muscle relaxants, corticosteroid injections, and in severe cases, surgery.
If you want treatment for TMJ disorder, visit our office, Trailhead Dental, at 4350 Wadsworth Blvd Suite 360, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033. You can also reach Dentist in Wheat Ridge, CO at (720) 242-6803 and schedule an appointment.
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